As a router owner it is important that you know the basics of WiFi network protection to prevent unauthorized access from intruders and to migrate potential attacks from sophisticated criminals simply by following the steps below.
1 Learn the basics
Before moving on to more advanced topics it is important that you understand the basic topics such as what is an IP address, SSID, MAC address. Get familiar with the router configuration interface. Learn to identify good and bad sites so you don't fall prey to fake sites that mimic real sites for the sole purpose of stealing sensitive details from you. If you're going to take care of security yourself, it's a very important first step.
2. use strong password
Security experts have emphasized the use of strong passwords from the beginning. They always have a mix of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols like [email protected]#. The ideal length of a password is 12 to 15 characters. Never use direct answers like your last name, or anything that can be easily guessed.
It is recommended that you change your password once every time, because sometimes, even though you are not responsible for the breach, the sites where you have registered can be compromised and your data/information is wide open, so the best is that it changes from time to time.
3. Enable WiFi network encryption.
Your router provides various forms of encryption such as WEP, WPA, WPA2. The first two are old and potentially vulnerable to new technology, so it is always recommended to use only WPA2 as the encryption protocol.
4. Activate MAC address filtering
In this post we discuss how to blacklist WiFi users, which basically allows you to block devices by their MAC addresses. It is a very convenient method by which you can make sure that only selected devices can access your router. You need to whitelist manually every time you add a new device, which is quite time consuming but absolutely good practice.
5. Disable WPS settings
The Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) method was basically created to simplify network setup by simply pressing the button on the router and a device (such as WiFi extender/sender) to automatically pair with no manual configuration required. Although it is very convenient, with the right software and technique it can be hacked, so it is very important to disable WPS. This option is usually found in your wireless settings, in the Advanced Settings section.
6. Update the firmware of your router
In any case, if your router manufacturer has your data breached or has any system bugs, they push a security patch or update to all of their routers to prevent any misuse of the potential loophole. And if your router is not up to date, a hacker can try to break into your system using the backdoor. So it is very important that you keep your router always updated.
Although most of the new routers today come with an automatic update solution that happens in the background. However, if you are using an old router that may not support automatic update and in such case you need to manually check it every time you need it and download and update it.
Invest time in learning about Internet security, after all it only benefits you. You don't need to buy expensive software to help keep you protected, but having a basic understanding can help.
If you have any more tips, feel free to comment below, we'd love to hear your suggestions : )